HOW TO MAKE AN ETHERNET CABLE
Purchasing fully made Ethernet cables from the store can
be quite expensive. It is far easier to simply buy a box of bulk Category 5 Ethernet cable and then
attach your own RJ-45 connectors to the cut ends to your preferred length.
Bulk Ethernet Cable - Category 5 or CAT5
Bulk RJ45 Crimpable Connectors
are two kinds of Ethernet cables you can
make. Straight Through and Crossover.
STRAIGHT THROUGH - Ethernet cables are the standard cable used for almost all purposes. It is highly recommend
the color order as shown on the left. Note how the orange
pair is not side by side as are all the other pairs. This
configuration allows for longer wire runs.
CROSSOVER CABLES - The purpose of a Crossover Ethernet cable is to directly connect one computer to another computer (or device) without going through a router, switch or hub.
Here's how to make a standard cable:
cut into the plastic sheath 1 inch from the end of the cut cable. The crimping tool has
a razor blade that will do the
trick with practice.
Unwind and pair of the similar colors.
Pinch the wires between your fingers and straighten them out as shown.
(The wire colors line up to form a straight through standard cat 5 cable as described above.)
(We apologize that this picture on the left is not the exact same color order as the picture above showing straight through cables. Please use the color combinations above and we will replace this photo soon.)
Use scissors to make a straight cut
across the wires 1/2 Inch from the cut sleeve to the end of the wires.
Push the wires into the connector. Note the position of
the blue plastic shielding. Also note how the wires go all
the way to the end.
A view from the top. All the wires are all the way in.
There are no short wires.
WRONG WAY - Note how the blue plastic shielding is not
inside the connector where it can be locked into place. The wires are too long. They should be 1/2 inch from the sleeve.
WRONG WAY - Note how the cables do not go all the way to
the end of the connector.
CRIMPING THE CABLE ... carefully place the connector
into the Ethernet Crimper and cinch down on the handles
tightly. The copper
tabs on the connector will
pierce into each of the eight wires. There is also a locking tab that holds the blue plastic sleeve in place for a tight compression fit. When you remove
the cable from the crimper, the cable is ready
For a standard cable, repeat all steps on the other end of the Ethernet cable exactly. For a cross-over cable, make sure to get the color order right.
Make sure to test the cables before installing them. An inexpensive Ethernet cable tester does this quite well.
NOTE - The maximum cable length of CAT-5 Ethernet cable is 328 feet
or 100 meters.