Ethernet cables can be quite expensive and pre-made lengths are not always the length you need. Making Ethernet cables is easy with a box of bulk Category 5e Ethernet cables and RJ-45 connectors that are attached to the cut ends of your preferred cable length.
How to Make an Ethernet Cable – What You’ll Need
Bulk Ethernet Cable – Category 5e or CAT5e(You may also use Category 6 or CAT6 cabling, which has higher performance specifications and is about 20% more expensive than CAT5e.)
Bulk RJ45 Crimpable Connectors for CAT-5e or Bulk RJ45 Crimpable Connectors for CAT-6
RJ-45 Crimping tool
The two kinds of Ethernet cables you can make
There are two kinds of Ethernet cables you can make: straight through and crossover.
Straight through Ethernet cables are the standard cable used for almost all purposes, and are often called ‘patch cables’. It’s highly recommended you duplicate the colour order as shown on the left. Note how the green pair is not side-by-side, like the other pairs. This configuration allows for longer wire runs.
Crossover Ethernet cables directly connect one computer or device to another without going through a router, switch, or hub.
How to make a standard cable
Cut into the plastic sheath about
one inch (2.5 cm) from the end of the cut cable. The crimping tool has a razor blade that will do the trick with practice.
Unwind and pair the similar colors.
Pinch the wires between your fingers and straighten them out as shown. The colour order is important to get correct.
Use scissors to make a straight cut across the eight wires to shorten them to
half an inch (1.3 cm) from the cut sleeve to the end of the wires.
Carefully push all eight unstripped coloured wires into the connector. Note the position of the blue plastic sleeve. Also note how the wires go all the way to the end.
A view from the top. All the wires are all the way in. There are no short wires.
This is the wrong way. Note how the blue plastic sleeve is not inside the connector where it can be locked into place. The wires are too long. The wires should extend only half an inch from the blue cut sleeve.
This is the wrong way. Note how the wires do not go all the way to the end of the connector.
Crimping the cable. Carefully place the connector into the Ethernet crimper and cinch down on the handles tightly. The copper splicing tabs on the connector will pierce into each of the eight wires. There’s also a locking tab that holds the blue plastic sleeve in place for a tight compression fit. When you remove the cable from the crimper, that end is ready to use.
For a standard ‘straight through’ cable, repeat all steps and wire colour order on the other end of the cable. For a crossover cable, the other end will have a different colour order as shown by the crossover picture above.
Make sure to test the cables before installing them. An inexpensive Ethernet cable tester does this quite well.
NOTE – The maximum cable length of CAT-5, CAT-5e or CAT-6 Ethernet cable is 328 feet or 100 metres.