Those familiar with BGAN know that service is charged per Megabyte transferred to the tune of roughly $5 per Megabyte. Normal Internet use can eat up purchased Megabytes in short order if one does not take preventative steps to optimize connected devices.
The following techniques will drastically reduce Internet usage and the related emotional/financial stress that comes with using BGAN.
Microsoft is the biggest abuser of background auto-updates by transferring data quietly in the background. Turning off these Auto-Updates should be the first action any BGAN user takes when connecting to a BGAN. To turn off Windows Updates, go to the Windows control panel, and open up the Security Center. Inside you will find a selection to "Turn Off Automatic Updates".
Windows 10 and BGANUnfortunately Windows 10 does not give the owner the option to stop Windows 10 telemetry which is incredibly unfortunate for those using BGAN services. However some steps can be taken to reduce the blue-sky "everything is transmitted" to control usage costs. We recommend all Windows 10 users should make their BGAN terminal wireless connection a "Metered Connection"... this one action cuts the Windows telemetry to only critical updates - here are instructions. We also recommend these steps in configuring a Windows 10 PC to limit usage to a bare minimum. One can delay updates for 35 days using this option (note this is for windows Pro versions or higher). Incredibly the default setting of Windows 10 makes a computer a peer-to-peer transmitter of Windows 10 OS upgrades available to nearby computers to potentially transmit GIGABYTES of data over many months without the owners knowledge (yes we agree this is crazy and a far cry from Windows 7 that was a purchaser owned OS). If you are unexperienced, we at Ground Control do offer an "Optimized Windows 10 Laptop" for $750 usd that tames Windows 10 as much as is humanly possible... details here.
Turn off Auto-Update options on other programs
Auto-updates in such programs as Adobe Reader are easily disabled. Simply search for Information for disabling auto-update on all programs that are running on your computer.
Close all Apps that you are not using, and for those that are running, turn off their background Internet connectivity (auto-updates, push notifications) from the specific App control panel. The good news is that the default configuration of many smartphones and tablets use significantly less data than laptops. For example, email programs will only download the headers of the email... and only when you click on each individual email does the body and any attachment download. Also you can install the amazing Opera Mini browser App that can cut 90% the data transferred over a browser. So the two biggest uses of the Internet (email and web-browsing) can be very optimized for very low data use over BGAN.
(over a PC)
There are programs available that monitor your connection to the Internet and will alert you when some program initiates a connection. ZoneAlarm is a free firewall program that alerts you with a PopUp window, and you select if you wish that program to connect or not.
Here is a bare-bones version of Zone Alarm for PC computers. The earlier versions of Zone Alarm like this one, are much better at catching all applications as new versions of Zone Alarm ignore many "popular" background applications. Unfortunately, a newer version of ZoneAlarm is needed for Windows 10 clients.
(over a PC)Many of our BGAN clients are most interested in using their Email connection to transfer images and files as well as communicate with their organization. Email works fine over a BGAN connection and oftentimes it is not necessary to optimize. However, there is a simple trick with email where you set the mail client to "Download Headers Only". By doing this, an email client will only download the tiny headers of each email and NOT its body or attachments. Emails are read by clicking on them to start the download of that email. This little trick saves a tremendous about of data being transferred and is superior to Webmail (although Webmail isn't too bad because while you are downloading images from the webmail page, webmail does NOT download email attachments without first clicking on it).
If your email client doesn't have the option to "Download Headers Only", we recommend using Thunderbird, a free email client from Mozilla, the makers of Firefox.
Choose the right browser - Laptops
Choose the right browser - Smart devices - iPhones, iPads, Android phones
Smart devices can download the Opera Mini browser that has the wonderful feature of "low-bandwidth" configuration (why Opera doesn't make a version for PCs is beyond us). There are settings inside the Opera Mini browser that resample images and make them smaller. Take some time to learn the optimization functions of this powerful "Mini" browser. If there were ever a browser made for BGAN use, Opera Mini has our vote.
Install Ad blocking software for web browsing
Turn off browser Images (optional)
While the QuickJava option (shown above for Firefox) lets you toggle images on-and-off at the click of a mouse, an alternative uses your preferred browser to turn off images from downloading. The configuration is different for each browser, but for Internet Explorer, click on the "Tools" menu option and select "Internet Options". From the window that appears, select the "Advanced" tab. There are a host of things you may turn off, but the most important one is about 2/3rds the way down. Uncheck "Show pictures" and then click "Apply". Images are only part of what is being downloaded from any web page and we do recommend using QuickJava Add-On with Firefox for the best results.
By becoming familiar with how much data being transferring over a BGAN connection, one can estimate the remaining balance before a BGAN SIM suspends.
Use the BGAN terminal web interface usage screen
All BGAN terminals have a web interface that shows and approximate amount of data transmitted over the satellite Link. We can not stress enough to become familiar with the Interface of your BGAN terminal and locate the usage screen. All BGAN User Manuals show how find and read this screen which will show inbound and outbound traffic in Megabyte or Kilobytes, and often the number of minutes a phone call was made inbound or outbound.
To access the Web Interface of a BGAN terminal, type in this IP address from any connected browser:
Hughes BGAN: 192.168.128.100
Explorer BGAN: 220.127.116.11
Wideye BGAN: 18.104.22.168
We recommend to bookmarking the Web Interface on your browser.
Use network monitoring software
Glasswire is a free bandwidth monitoring program for a PC or Android that shows how much data your system is transferring real-time in both directions. We recommend using it before you use a BGAN connection to gain a fairly accurate estimate of usage when connected to the Internet... as well as when you're using an BGAN.. a great tool to have on hand.
Glasswire is a free App that can be downloaded at glasswire.com
NOTE - If you are running the BGAN LaunchPad software (which we no longer recommend), this utility communicates constantly with the BGAN terminal with NON-satellite traffic, and will distort the total amount of data transferred. Please close the LaunchPad program for a more precise measurement of usage. Today we recommend our clients not use the BGAN Launchpad software since access the web Interface of any BGAN terminal offers the same control.
Make sure the terminal is pointed well
The higher the accuracy, the fewer dropped IP packets and information being retransmitted over the satellite link.
Close unused programs & Apps
Many programs auto-start on PCs or stay running on smart devices. To prevent them from communicating over the Internet, simply turn them off. On smartphones become familiar with how to close all running Apps. With iPhones, quickly press the home button twice to show all running Apps. "Swipe up" to close them individually. If in doubt, reboot.
Use wireless security or disable wireless access
Most BGAN terminals have integrated Wi-Fi, so make sure to enable wireless security to prevent unauthorized access. If you don't require your BGAN terminal for WiFi connectivity, you can turn WiFi off from the terminal web interface. Turning off WiFi has the added benefit of saving on battery power on the terminal.
Do not leave a connected computer unattended
Some web pages will refresh when unattended. Either close down all browser windows, or better yet disconnect the computer from the BGAN terminal to be 100% sure no information is able to transfer over the BGAN link. You may also turn off the BGAN terminal if you do not expect a phone call over it.
BGAN services is expensive. However if one employs the techniques described above, BGAN service becomes very cost effective. Broadband Internet and phone from a portable terminal located anywhere on the globe is here and quite viable. Pretty cool!
High-Performance Optimized Laptop - Windows 10 - $750
Ground Control offers this optimized laptop that has been configured using many of the items on this page, but for a Windows 10 machine - More Information